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World's timeline 1960

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1960        Jan 1, French Cameroon gained independence.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)

1960        Jan 2, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 1/2/98)
1960        Jan 2, John Reynolds set the age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years.
    (MC, 1/2/02)

1960        Jan 4, Albert Camus (1913-1960), French writer, died in an automobile accident at age 46. He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1957. His work included the play “Caligula” and a collection of journalistic pieces for the clandestine newspaper Combat (1944-1947). In 1997 Oliver Todd wrote the biography “Albert Camus.” In 1979 Herbert Lottman also wrote a biography: “Albert Camus.” In 2006 Camus’ WW II pieces, edited by Jacqueline Levi-Valensi, were published as ”Camus at Combat.” In 2010 Virgil Tanase authored “Albert Camus.”
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A22)(WSJ, 12/12/97, p.A16)(AP, 1/4/98)(WSJ, 2/11/06, p.P10)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.83)

1960        Jan 9, The foundation stone for Egypt’s Aswan High Dam was laid.

1960        Jan 12, The San Francisco Chronicle learned that jazz musician Dave Brubeck had lost $40,000 in bookings on a monthlong Southern tour by his quartet because the group included black bass player Eugene Wright. Brubeck refused to drop Wright from his group.
    (SSFC, 1/10/10, DB p.42)

1960        Jan 14, The US Army promoted Elvis Presley to Sergeant.
    (MC, 1/14/02)

1960        Jan 19, The US-Japan Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security formalized a US-Japanese alliance.
    (www.mofa.go.jp/region/n-america/us/q&a/ref/1.html)(Econ, 1/16/10, p.43)

1960        Jan 22, The Johnburg coal mine caved in and 417 die.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1960        Jan 23, The Bathyscaphe "Trieste" reached bottom of Pacific at 10,900 m. Jacques Piccard (1922-2008) and US Navy Lt.  Don Walsh descended for 20 minutes in the Trieste into the Mariana Trench, a 1,500 mile gash in the Earth’s crust east of the Philippines with a depth of 37,000 feet below sea level, nearly 7 miles.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.A11)(SFEC, 11/17/96, BR p.4)(AP, 11/1/08)

1960        Jan, The US stock market began a 10 month decline of 16%.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)
1960        Jan, The San Francisco Examiner (a Hearst newspaper) offered Kenneth Rexroth (1905-1982) a job writing a weekly column. He accepted and by May 1961 the column had proved popular enough that he was asked to do two and sometimes even three per week. Rexroth wrote some 700 columns for the Examiner until June 1967, when he was fired after writing a particularly scathing article about the American police.

1960        Jan-Aug, 160,000 refugees crossed from East Germany to West Germany following food shortages. Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev ordered a wall 103 miles long and 12 feet high to be built with guards and barbed wire to stop the flow of refugees.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, Z1 p.4)

1960        Feb 1, Four black North Carolina A&T students staged a sit-in in a dime store in Greensboro, NC, lunch counter, where they'd been refused service, to begin the first of the historic 1960s sit-ins.
    (AP, 2/1/97)(AH, 2/05, p.16)

1960        Feb 2, The U.S. Senate approved 24th Amendment calling for a ban on the poll tax.
    (HN, 2/2/99)

1960        Feb 3, Candlestick Park, the new home of the SF Giants baseball team, was officially turned over to the team.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 1/31/10, DB p.42)

1960        Feb 7, Old handwriting was found in at Qumran, Jordan, near the Dead Sea. [see 1947]
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1960        Feb 8, Congress opened hearings into payola.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1960        Feb 9, The Hollywood, Ca., Walk of Fame began with an installation of its first pink terrazzo star for, actress Joanne Woodward, at 6801 Hollywood Blvd. The first eight stars were dedicated in September 1958 and placed in the sidewalk on the northwest corner of Hollywood Blvd. and Highland Ave.
    (SSFC, 2/7/10, p.D4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollywood_Walk_of_Fame)
1960        Feb 9, The Angelo Petri, the world’s largest wine tanker, foundered outside the San Francisco Golden Gate. It carried a capacity load of 2,383,000 gallons of wine and vegetable oil. In 1946 the vessel had broken in two near Honolulu.
    (SSFC, 2/7/10, DB p.42)(www.navsource.org/archives/11/0103.htm)
1960        Feb 9, Ernst von Dohnanyi (82), US composer, died.
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1960        Feb 10, "Unsinkable Molly Brown" ended at Winter Garden, NYC, after 532 performances.
    (MC, 2/10/02)
1960        Feb 10, Adolph Coors, the beer brewer, was kidnapped in Golden, Colo.
    (HN, 2/10/97)

1960        Feb 11, Jack Paar walked off his TV show.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1960        Feb 12, Bobby Clark (71), vaudevillian (World's funniest circus clown), died.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1960        Feb 13, Ella Fitzgerald, live in concert, recorded "Mack the Knife, Ella in Berlin."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)
1960        Feb 13, Gerboise Bleue ("blue jerboa") was the name of the first French nuclear test. It was an atomic bomb detonated in the middle of the Algerian Sahara desert, during the Algerian War (1954-62).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerboise_Bleue)(AP, 2/13/08)

1960        Feb 16, US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1960        Feb 17, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested in the Alabama bus boycott.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1960        Feb 18, The Eighth Winter Olympic Games were formally opened in Squaw Valley, Calif., by Vice President Nixon. A drought of snow ended 2 days before the start of the games.
    (AP, 2/18/98)(SSFC, 1/3/10, p.A13)

1960        Feb 19, California Gov. Edmund G. Brown gave a 60-day stay of execution for San Quentin inmate Caryl Chessman (39), convicted sex offender and best-selling author, the Red Light Bandit.” The governor hoped to quiet public sentiment in Latin America for Pres. Eisenhower’s impending visit.
    (SFC, 4/20/02, p.A23)(SSFC, 2/14/10, DB p.42)
1960        Feb 19, UC Regents retracted the following question from an English aptitude test for high school applicants: "What are the dangers to a democracy of a national police organization, like the FBI, which operates secretly and is unresponsive to public criticism." FBI director J. Edgar Hoover had organized a covert public relations campaign and put pressure on Gov. Brown to retract the question.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F3)
1960        Feb 19, Prince Andrew of Britain, Albert Christian Edward, Duke of York was born.
    (HN, 2/19/98)(MC, 2/19/02)

1960        Feb 21, Havana placed all Cuban industry under direct control of the government.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1960        Feb 23, Whites joined Negro students in a sit-in at a Winston-Salem, N.C. Woolworth store.
    (HN, 2/23/98)
1960        Feb 23, Naruhito, crown prince of Japan, was born.
    (MC, 2/23/02)

1960        Feb 26, USA's David Jenkins won the Olympics Gold for men's figure skating.
    (SC, 2/26/02)
1960        Feb 26, Soviet premier Khrushchev voiced support for Indonesia.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1960        Feb 27, The U.S. Olympic hockey team defeated the Soviets, 3-2, at the Winter Games in Squaw Valley, Calif. The U.S. team went on to win the gold medal.
    (AP, 2/27/98)
1960        Feb 27, Adriano Olivetti (58), Italian engineer, manufacturer, died.
    (MC, 2/27/02)

1960        Feb 28, The Eighth Winter Olympic Games formally closed in Squaw Valley, Calif.
    (SSFC, 1/3/10, p.A13)

1960        Feb 29, An 5.7 earthquake in Morocco's southwest Atlantic coast killed as many as 12,000. The town of Agadir was destroyed.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1960        Feb, In San Francisco the Villa Taverna restaurant opened at No. 27 Hotaling as a private social club to celebrate Italian culture and cuisine. The street was originally called Jones Alley and had been renamed in honor of Anson Hotaling, owner of a nearby distillery, who convinced firefighters in 1906 not to explode nearby structures.
    (SSFC, 9/13/09, p.N1)

1960         Mar 1, 1,000 Black students prayed and sang the national anthem on the steps of the old Confederate Capitol in Montgomery, Ala.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1960        Mar 2, FBI director J. Edgar Hoover received a 60-page report on the "political complexion" of UC Berkeley.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F3)

1960        Mar 3, The 9th largest snowfall in NYC history dropped14.5".
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1960        Mar 3, The French cargo ship  "La Coubre," laden with Belgian weapons, exploded in Havana Harbor and killed 136 [101] people. The blast was blamed on US agents.
    (USAT, 10/8/97, p.8A)(SFC, 1/28/00, p.A14)

1960        Mar 4, Lucille Ball filed for divorce from Desi Arnaz.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1960        Mar 4, In Cuba Alberto Korda took a photo of Che Guevara at a rally where Castro blamed the US for the cargo ship disaster of the previous day. The photo later became famous as a poster of Che and symbol for the Cuban revolution.
    (USAT, 10/8/97, p.8A)

1960        Mar 5, Elvis Presley ended his 2-year hitch in US Army.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1960        Mar 6, The Swiss granted women the right to vote in municipal elections.
    (HN, 3/6/98)

1960        Mar 7, Ivan Lendl, tennis pro (US Open 1985-87), was born in Czechoslovakia.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1960        Mar 9, In Seattle, Wa., Clyde Shields (39), was implanted with the 1st kidney dialysis shunt developed by Dr. Belding H. Scribner (d.2003) and engineer Wayne Quinton. The process was 1st developed in the 1940s by Dr. Willem J. Kolff, but had been restricted to operating rooms. Shields lived for 11 more years.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A17)
1960        Mar 9, San Francisco Mayor George Christopher visited Moscow and accepted lavish gifts from Premier Nikita Khrushchev.
    (SSFC, 3/7/10, DB p.46)

1960        Mar 11, Pioneer 5 was launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1960        Mar 13, NFL's Chicago Cardinals moved to St Louis.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1960        Mar 15, Ten nations met in Geneva to discuss disarmament.
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1960        Mar 17, Eisenhower formed anti-Castro-exile army under the CIA.
    (MC, 3/17/02)

1960        Mar 19, "Redhead" closed at 46th St Theater in NYC after 455 performances.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1960        Mar 21, California state officials dumped radioactive waste from civilian installations into the ocean about 50 miles off of San Francisco at a site that the Navy and other Atomic Energy contractors have been using since 1946. The waste was mixed with concrete, sealed in 55-gallon steel drums and dumped in about 7,500 feet of water.
    (SSFC, 3/21/10, DB p.46)
1960        Mar 21, Capt. John Eaheart (32), a US Marine Corps Reserve pilot, crashed in his F9F Cougar fighter jet and disappeared into Flathead Lake, Wyoming, near the home of his fiancée’s parents. His remains were found in 2006.
    (WSJ, 5/23/06, p.A1)
1960        Mar 21, A police massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa, left 69 black protestors dead as people gathered to protest the pass books that the apartheid government required them to carry at all times. The ANC was outlawed.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C2)(SFEC, 2/9/97, Z1 p.7)(AP, 3/21/08)

1960        Mar 22, The 1st patent for lasers was granted to Arthur Schawlow and Charles Townes. Schawlow and Townes developed their laser, light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation, while working at Bell labs in 1958.

1960        Mar 23, Explorer 8 failed to reach Earth orbit.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1960        Mar 24, US appeals court ruled the novel, "Lady Chatterly's Lover" by D.H. Lawrence, to be not obscene.
    (WSJ, 5/15/95, p. A-16)(MC, 3/24/02)

1960        Mar 25, The 1st guided missile was launched from a nuclear powered sub, the Halibut.
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1960        Mar 26, Iraq executed 30 after attack on President Kassem.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1960        Mar 28, In Glasgow, Scotland, a factory exploded burying 20 fire fighters.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1960        Mar 31, The South African government declared a state of emergency after demonstrations led to the deaths of more than 50 Africans.
    (HN, 3/31/98)
1960        Mar 31, Joseph Haas (81), German opera composer (Totenmesse), died.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1960        Apr 1, The first weather satellite, TIROS 1, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
    (AP, 4/1/98)
1960        Apr 1, U Nu was elected premier of Burma.
    (MC, 4/1/02)
1960               Apr 1,  France exploded a 2nd atom bomb in the Sahara Desert. Gerboise Blanche (“white gerboa”) was a surface shot fired in a seven meter deep pit, which accounted for the strange, Christmas tree-like shape of the fireball. General Ailleret once again personally initiated the firing of the device.

1960        Apr 2, Cuba bought oil from USSR.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1960        Apr 4, In the 32nd Academy Awards "Ben-Hur," Charlton Heston and Simone Signoret won.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1960        Apr 10, The US Senate passed a landmark Civil Rights Bill. A history of the civil rights movement was later written by Tom Dent (d.1998 at 65), 1961 press liaison for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund.
    (HN, 4/10/98)(SFC, 6/9/98, p.A24)

1960        Apr 12, Bill Veeck and Chicago’s Comiskey Park debuted the "Exploding Scoreboard."
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1960        Apr 13, The SF Giants made their opening day debut in the new Candlestick stadium before 42,000 fans. The stadium was built by Charles Harney (d.1962), a friend of Mayor Christopher, who also sold 41 acres to the city at $66,853 per acre. He had purchased the land just a few years earlier at $2,100 per acre. Harney received $7 million for building the stadium and was named director of the corporation set up to build the stadium. The stadium was designed by architect John S. Boles. A radiant heating system for the 2nd tier seats failed to work.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 5/3/01, p.A8)(SFC, 4/10/10, DB p.50)
1960        Apr 13, The first navigational satellite was launched into Earth's orbit.
    (HN, 4/13/98)

1960        Apr 14, "Bye Bye Birdie" opened at Martin Beck Theater in NYC for 607 performances.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1960        Apr 14, The 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1960        Apr 15, The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) organized at Shaw University.
    (HN, 4/15/98)

1960        Apr 19, Baseball uniforms begin displaying player's names on their backs.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1960        Apr 21, Brazil inaugurated its new capital, Brasilia, transferring the seat of national government from Rio de Janeiro. Brazil’s National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES), founded in 1952, helped fund its development.
    (USA Today, OW, 4/22/96, p.3)(AP, 4/21/97)(HN, 4/21/98)(Econ, 4/18/09, p.81)

1960        Apr 24, In the 14th Tony Awards: "Miracle Worker" and "Fiorello" won.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1960        Apr 25, First submerged circumnavigation of the Earth was completed by a Triton submarine. In 1962 Edward Latimer "Ned" Beach (b.19180, Navy captain authored "Around the World Submerged."
    (HN, 4/25/98)(SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)
1960        Apr 25, Hope Emerson (62), actress (I Married Joan, Peter Gunn), died.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1960        Apr 27, The 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine was launched at Tullibee.
    (MC, 4/27/02)
1960        Apr 27, France’s Gen. Charles de Gaulle flew into San Francisco and was welcomed by a 21-gun salute and some 250,000 people along his downtown motorcade.
    (SSFC, 4/25/10, DB p.54)
1960        Apr 27, South Korean pres Syngman Rhee resigned. The government of Syngman Rhee was toppled. Parliament began investigations of alleged summary executions during the 1950-1953 war.
    (SFC, 4/21/00, p.A19)(MC, 4/27/02)
1960        Apr 27, Togo, a UN Trust territory under French administration, gained independence. Sylvanus Olympio became the 1st chief of state.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1170)

1960        Apr, The US CIA began planning an invasion of Cuba that culminated in the 1961 Bay of Pigs disaster. The initial budget of $4.4 million grew to $46 million.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, p.A19)
1960        Apr, In San Francisco the new 12-story Jack Tar Hotel opened on Van Ness Avenue. It featured a 2-acre 4th floor patio with a circular swimming pool and rectangular year-round ice rink. In 1982 it was sold, remodeled and renamed as the Cathedral Hotel. In 2009 it was slated for demolition to make way for a new California Pacific Medical Center to open in 2015.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.C1)

1960        May 1, India's Bombay state split into Gujarat and Maharashtra states.
1960        May 1, A Soviet missile shot down an American U-2 spy plane near Sverdlovsk with pilot Francis Gary Power. Powers was held in the Soviet Union for 21 months.
    (WSJ, 5/8/96, p.A-12)(SFC, 8/8/96, p.A11)(AP, 5/1/97)

1960        May 2, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Alan Drury (Advice & Consent).
    (MC, 5/2/02)
1960        May 2, House investigating committee looked into payola questions.
    (MC, 5/2/02)
1960        May 2, Caryl Chessman (39), convicted sex offender and best-selling author, the Red Light Bandit,” was executed at San Quentin Prison in California. He became a best-selling author while on death row. SFC crime reporter Bernice Davis (d.2002 at 97) later authored “Desperate and the Damned,” an account of the Chessman case.
    (AP, 5/2/08)(SFC, 2/8/02, p.A25)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A23)

1960        May 3, The musical "The Fantasticks" opened at the Sullivan Street Playhouse in Greenwich Village. It featured the song "Try to Remember" by Tom Jones & Harvey Schmidt and was 1st produced at Barnard College in 1959. Lore Noto (d.2002), former actor and agent, produced the show, which became the world’s longest-running musical. It closed Jan 13, 2002 after 17,162 shows.
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A20)
1960        May 3, Austria became a founding member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), along with Britain, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden and Switzerland. The agreement took effect in 1994.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, SR p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Free_Trade_Association)

1960        May 6, President Eisenhower signed the Civil Rights Act of 1960.
    (HN, 5/6/98)
1960        May 6 Britain's Princess Margaret married Anthony Armstrong-Jones, a commoner, at Westminster Abbey. They divorced in 1978.
    (AP, 5/6/97)
1960        May 6, Jacques Mornard (Ram¢n Mercader), Trotsky's murderer, was freed in Mexico.
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1960        May 7, Fidel Castro announced Cuba’s resumption of diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.
    (AH, 4/07, p.18)
1960        May 7, Leonid Brezhnev replaced Marshal Kliment Voroshilov as president of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.
    (AP, 5/7/08)

1960        May 9, The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the pill Enovid as safe for birth control use. The pill was made by G.D. Searle and Company of Chicago. It was commissioned by Margaret Sanger and funded by heiress Katharine McCormick. In 2001 Carl Djerassi authored "This Man’s Pill: Reflections on the 50th Birthday of the Pill." Djerassi synthesized a key hormone in the pill in Mexico City in 1951.
    (SSFC, 10/21/01, p.R6)(AP, 5/9/00)
1960        May 9, US sent a U-2 over USSR.
    (MC, 5/9/02)

1960        May 10, John F. Kennedy won the primary in West Virginia.
    (MC, 5/10/02)
1960        May 10, USS Nautilus completed the first circumnavigation of globe under water.
    (HN, 5/10/98)

1960        May 11, John D. Rockefeller Jr. (86), philanthropist, died.
    (MC, 5/11/02)
1960        May 11, Israeli soldiers captured Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires as he returned home from his job at the Mercedes factory. Eichmann, the Nazi war criminal, was nabbed by Peter Malkin. Eichmann was taken to Israel where he was tried, found guilty and hung in 1962.
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, Par. p.13)(WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)(HN, 5/11/98)(MC, 5/11/02)

1960        May 13,  Phillies lost their 3rd consecutive 1-0 game
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)
1960        May 13, Bill Mandel was brought before a HUAC committee at SF City Hall concerning his broadcasts at KPFA radio and KQED TV about press and periodicals of the Soviet Union. His TV show was cancelled but he continued broadcasting at KPFA. There was a protest over the hearing and 64 people were arrested as police turned on fire hoses to quell the disturbance. The event led Frank Cieciorka (1939-2008) to create his woodcut of a fist that became an icon of the 1960s.
    (SFEC, 7/26/98, p.D1,4)(SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1 p.1)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F3)(SFC, 11/29/08, p.B5)
1960        May 13,  The 1st US launch of the Delta satellite launching vehicle failed.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1960        May 14, "At the Drop of a Hat" closed at John Golden in NYC after 216 performances.
    (MC, 5/14/02)
1960        May 14, Some 2-5,000 people marched against the HUAC proceedings at SF City Hall and the police actions against protestors.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1 p.1)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F3)

1960        May 16, A Big Four summit conference in Paris collapsed on its opening day as the Soviet Union leveled spy charges against the United States in the wake of the U-2 incident.
    (HN, 5/16/98)(AP, 5/16/99)

1960        May 17, Connecticut executed Joseph "Mad Dog" Taborsky in the electric chair for a series of murders and robberies.
1960        May 17, The YF4H-1 Phantom fighter and Douglas DC-8 were unveiled.
    (NPub, 2002, p.19)

1960        May 18, Eileen Fulton began playing Lisa on the TV soap "As the World Turns" and continued for over 30 years.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1960        May 18, Jean Genet’s "Le Balcon" premiered in Paris France.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1960        May 19, Walt Disney's movie "Pollyanna" was released in movie theaters.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1960        May 19, The Drifters recorded "Save the Last Dance For Me".
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1960        May 19, DJ Alan Freed was accused of bribery in radio payola scandal.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1960        May 19, USAF Maj. Robert M White took the X-15 to 33,222 m.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1960        May 19, Belgian parliament required a rest day for self employed.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1960        May 22, Chile experienced a 9.5 earthquake (moment magnitude). A slow earthquake was detected just before the big one. It caused tsunamis in every coastal town between the 36th and 44th parallels with a death toll of some 1000 people.
    (PCh, 1992, p.977)(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.28)

1960        May 23, A tidal wave, due to a 9.5 earthquake off Chile, hit Hilo, Hawaii. It killed 61 people, wiped out the beaches and destroyed 537 buildings. It went on to hit Japan.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T4)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C14)
1960        May 23, Israel announced Israeli agents had captured former Nazi official SS Lt. Col. Adolf Eichmann in Argentina. Eichmann was tried in Israel, found guilty of crimes against humanity, and hanged in 1962. [see May 11]
    (WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)(AP, 5/23/02)

1960        May 25, Benoît van Innis, Belgian cartoonist, painter, (New York Post), was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1960        May 26, UN Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge accused the Soviets of hiding a microphone inside a wood carving of the Great Seal of the United States that they presented to the U.S. embassy in Moscow.
    (AP, 5/26/99)

1960        May 27, In Turkey a military coup organized by 37 "young officers" deposed the government PM Menderes, who was arrested along with all the leading party members.

1960        May 29, Adrian Paul, actor (Dance to Win, Highlander), was born in London, England.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1960        May 29, Everly Brothers "Cathy's Clown" hit #1.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1960        May 30, Boris Pasternak (b.1890), Russian poet, novelist (Dr Zhivago) and translator, died at age 70.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1055)(MC, 5/30/02)

1960        Jun 1, The ABC Television Network reached 100 affiliates.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1960        Jun 4, The Taiwan island of Quemoy was hit by 500 artillery shells fired from the coast of Communist China.
    (HN, 6/4/98)

1960        Jun 11, In Pakistan a house packed with wedding celebrants collapsed killing 30.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1960        Jun 15, The Billy Wilder movie "The Apartment," starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine, opened in New York.
    (AP, 6/15/00)

1960        Jun 23, The Food and Drug Administration approved Enovid by GD Searle, the first oral contraceptive.
1960        Jun 23, Patrice Lumumba and the MNC formed the first government, with Lumumba (35) as Congo's first prime minister and Joseph Kasavubu (1917-1969) as its president.

1960        Jun 26, The Malagasy Republic (Madagascar) gained independence from France.
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A10)(PC, 1992, p.973)
1960        Jun 26, British Somaliland became independent and five days later was united with Italian Somaliland as the Somali Republic.
    (SFC, 4/10/96, A-5)

1960        Jun 27, Chlorophyll "A" was synthesized at Cambridge, Mass.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1960        Jun 28, John Elway, NFL quarterback (Denver Broncos quarterback:  Super Bowl XXI, XXII, XXIV), was born.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1960         Jun 30, Alfred Hitchcock's film, "Psycho," opened.
    (HN, 6/30/01)
1960        Jun 30, Independence was granted to the Congo. A rebel movement freed the Belgian Congo from Belgium. In Zaire (Congo) Patrice Lumumba (1925-1961) became the first post-independence prime minister. He made Joseph Mobutu, a young military officer, his private secretary. Two months after he took power a sub-committee of the US National Security Council authorized the assassination of Lumumba.
    (SFC, 5/17/97, p.A14)(SFEM, 5/7/00, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrice_Lumumba)
1960        Jun 30, US stopped sugar imports from Cuba.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1960        Jul 1, Fidel Castro nationalized Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba.
    (MC, 7/1/02)
1960        Jul 1, Ghana became an independent republic within the British Commonwealth and Kwama N. Nkrumah became the 1st president.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)
1960        Jul 1, French and Italian Somaliland gained independence and united with the Somali Republic.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(Econ, 7/4/09, p.44)
1960        Jul 1, USSR shot down a US RB-47 reconnaissance plane.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1960        Jul 4, The 50-star flag made its debut in Philadelphia. A 50th star was added to the American flag in honor of Hawaii's admission into the Union on August 21, 1959.
    (HN, 7/4/98)(IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1960        Jul 6, Aneurin Bevan (b.1897), British Labour politician, died. He was a key figure on the left of the party in the mid-20th century, and prominently served as the Minister of Health during the creation of the National Health Service, in which he played a vital part. In 1962 and 1974 Michael Foot authored a 2-volume biography of Bevan.

1960        Jul 7, Theodore Maiman (1918-2007), a physicist at the Hughes Research Labs in California, introduced the 1st working laser at Manhattan’s Delmonico Hotel.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, TQ p.28)(WSJ, 5/12/07, p.A8)

1960        Jul 8, The Soviet Union charged Francis Gary Powers, whose U-2 spy plane was shot down over the country, with espionage.
    (HN, 7/8/98)

1960        Jul 9, Roger Woodward (7) and his sister, Deanne Woodward (17), were rescued from the Niagara River after being tossed from family friend James Honeycutt's 12-foot aluminum boat. New Jersey tourists John Hayes and John Quattrochi pulled Deanne Woodward to shore just before the brink. Honeycutt was swept with Roger Woodward over the Horseshoe Falls and died. Roger survived the 162-foot plunge.
    (AP, 7/16/10)
1960        Jul 9, Khrushchev threatened to use rockets to protect Cuba from the US.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)

1960        Jul 11, Katanga province, with the support of Belgian business interests and troops, broke away from the new Congolese government of Patrice Lumumba, declaring independence under Moise Tshombe leader of the local CONAKAT party.

1960        Jul 13, Massachusetts Sen. John F. Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at his party's convention in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 7/13/97)
1960        Jul 13, Joy Davidman (b.1915), American poet, died. Her 2 husband included novelists William Gresham and C.S. Lewis.
    (SSFC, 1/1/06, p.M6)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/davidman/bio.htm)

1960        Jul 14, Fire raging through a Guatemala City, Guatemala, insane asylum and 225 were killed with 300 severely injured.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1960        Jul 15, John F. Kennedy accepted the Democratic nomination for president of the United States.
    (HN, 7/15/98)
1960        Jul 15, Lawrence Mervil Tibbett (63), baritone, died after surgery.
    (MC, 7/15/02)

1960        Jul 16, Albrecht von Kesselring (74), German field marshal (Italy), died.
    (MC, 7/16/02)
1960        Jul 16, The 1st UN troops reached Congo to replace Belgian troops.

1960        Jul 17, Francis Gary Powers pleaded guilty to spying charges in a Moscow court after his U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 7/17/98)

1960        Jul 20, The submarine George Washington became the 1st submerged sub to fire a Polaris missile.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1960        Jul 21, Francis Chichester arrived in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting a record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing.
    (MC, 7/21/02)
1960        Jul 21, Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the first woman prime minister of Ceylon. In Sri Lanka, an island country in the Indian Ocean formerly known as Ceylon she served as prime minister twice, 1960-65 and 1970-77. Under her leadership a republican constitution was adopted in 1972 and the name of Ceylon changed to Sri Lanka.
    (HNQ, 5/23/98)(HN, 7/21/98)
1960        Jul 21, Germany passed the Volkswagen law legislation privatizing Volkswagen. It capped a shareholder's voting rights at 20%, regardless of the number of shares held, and required a majority of 80% for "important decisions." It also gave Lower Saxony, the state in which Volkswagen is based, a controlling minority stake in the automaker. In 2007 the European Court ruled that the VW law had to go.
    (http://uk.reuters.com/article/businessNews/idUKL2232313720071023)(Econ, 6/14/08, p.82)

1960        Jul 22, Cuba nationalized all US owned sugar factories.
    (MC, 7/22/02)

1960        Jul 27, Vice President Nixon was nominated for president at the Republican national convention in Chicago.
    (AP, 7/27/00)

1960        Jul 28, Republican National convention selected Richard Nixon.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1960        Jul 30, Over 60,000 Buddhists marched in protest against the Diem government in South Vietnam.
    (HN, 7/30/98)

1960        Jul 31, Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, called for a black state.
    (MC, 7/31/02)

1960        Jul, The US Congress created the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A7)

1960        Aug 1, Dahomey, just west of Nigeria, became independent from France with Hubert Maga as president. It was renamed Benin with the capital at Porto Novo.
    (WUD, 1994, p.139)(PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1172)

1960        Aug 3, Niger gained independence from France. Hamani Diori was president.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A12)(SC, 8/3/02)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1170)

1960        Aug 5, Upper Volta, formerly part of French West Africa, became independent under Maurice Yameogo. In 1984 it was renamed Burkina Faso.
    (WUD, 1994, p.139)(PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 4th ed., p.1233)

1960        Aug 6, Chubby Checker debuted his version of "The Twist" on the Dick Clark Show. Hank Ballard did the original in 1958.
1960        Aug 6, Revolutionaries of the Castro regime seize the Lone Star Industries  cement plant in Mariel, Cuba. [letter by the CEO of Lonestar]
    (WSJ, 10/17/95, A-20)

1960        Aug 7, Students staged kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches.
    (MC, 8/7/02)
1960        Aug 7, Ivory Coast became independent from France.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)
1960        Aug 7, Vaino Hannikainen (60), Finnish composer, died.
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1960        Aug 8, The pop song "Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini", sung by Brian Hyland (16), hit #1. The song was written by Paul Vance and Lee Pockriss.
    (www.popculturemadness.com/Music/Pop-Modern/1960.html)(SFC, 9/28/06, p.A2)

1960        Aug 9, There was a race riot in Jacksonville Florida.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1960        Aug 10, Antonio Banderas, actor (Phila, Evita, Mambo Kings, was born in Malaga, Spain.
    (MC, 8/10/02)
1960        Aug 10, The first successful US Corona spy satellite mission was launched after 12 previous failures. [see 1957]
    (WSJ, 7/6/98, p.A13)

1960        Aug 11, Chad became independent from France, but remained within the French community. Francois Tombalbaye became the 1st president.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)

1960        Aug 12, Morty Black, heavy metal rocker (TNT-7 Seas), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1960        Aug 12, USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 41,600 m.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1960        Aug 12, The first balloon satellite, the Echo 1, was launched by the US from Cape Canaveral, Fla. It bounced phone calls from JPL in California to the Bell Labs in New Jersey.
    (AP, 8/12/97)(SFC, 4/9/02, p.A18)

1960        Aug 13, The first two-way telephone conversation by satellite took place with the help of Echo 1, a balloon satellite.
    (AP, 8/13/97)
1960        Aug 13, Central African Republic became independence from France and David Dacko was named 1st president.
    (MC, 8/13/02)(PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)
1960        Aug 13, The Soviet Union withdrew advisors, aid and other support from China.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.A14)(MC, 8/13/02)

1960        Aug 15, Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declared Independence from France.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1960        Aug 16, Timothy Hutton (actor: Taps, Made in Heaven,  Ordinary People, The Dark Half, The Temp, Q&A), was born.
    (MC, 8/16/02)
1960        Aug 16, American test pilot Joe Kittinger’s history-making parachute jump was from an altitude of 102,800 feet, or 19.3 miles. In a gondola lifted by a 360-foot helium balloon, Kittinger reached the highest altitude ever reached by man in nonpowered flight. His free fall lasted four minutes and 36 seconds and he became the first man to exceed the speed of sound without an aircraft or space vehicle. In 1984 Kittinger became the first to fly across the Atlantic Ocean in a helium balloon alone.
    (HNQ, 5/21/99)
1960        Aug 16, Britain granted independence to the crown colony of Cyprus. Archbishop Makarios became the 1st post independence president and chose Spyros Kyprianou (28) as foreign minister.
    (AP, 8/16/97)(SFC, 3/13/02, p.A26)

1960        Aug 17, Sean Penn, actor (Fast Times at Ridgemont High), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1960        Aug 17, American Francis Gary Powers pleaded guilty at his Moscow trial for spying over the Soviet Union in a U-2 plane.
    (HN, 8/17/98)
1960        Aug 17, Gabon became independence from France. Leon M'Ba, head of the Gabon Democratic Block, became the 1st president.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(WSJ, 1/24/97, p.A14)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1173)

1960        Aug 18, Enovid 10, the 1st commercial oral contraceptive, debuted in Skokie, Ill.
    (MC, 8/18/02)
1960        Aug 18, Beatles gave their 1st public performance at Kaiser Keller in Hamburg.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1960        Aug 19, A tribunal in Moscow convicted American U2 pilot Francis Gary Powers of espionage. About 18 months later, the Soviets agreed to release him in exchange for  Rudolph Abel, a Soviet spy convicted 5 years earlier. The CIA and the Senate cleared Powers of any personal blame  for the incident.
    (AP, 8/19/97)(MC, 8/19/02)
1960        Aug 19, Korabl-Sputnik-2 (Spaceship Satellite-2), also known as Sputnik 5, was launched. On board were the dogs Belka ( Squirrel) and Strelka (Little Arrow). Also on board were 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of plants. After a day in orbit, the spacecraft's retrorocket was fired and the landing capsule and the dogs were safely recovered. They were the first living animals to survive orbital flight.

1960        Aug 20, Senegal broke from Mali federation and declared independence.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1960        Aug 23, World's largest frog (3.3 kg) was caught in Equatorial Guinea.
    (MC, 8/23/02)
1960        Aug 23, Broadway librettist Oscar Hammerstein II (65) died in Doylestown, Pa.
    (AP, 8/23/08)

1960        Aug 25,  The 17th summer Olympics opened in Rome. Wilma Rudolph (1940-1994), was the first African American to win three gold medals in a single Olympiad. Her athleticism was remarkable since Rudolph contracted polio as a small child and spent six years in a steel brace. With therapy and hard work, Rudolph overcame her handicap to excel in basketball and track. As a celebrity, she worked to break many gender and racial barriers. Rudolph died of brain cancer.
    (WSJ, 7/19/96, p.R6)(HN, 6/23/98)(chblue.com, 8/25/01)
1960        Aug 25,  AFL began placing players names on back of their jerseys.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)
1960        Aug 25,  In Congo demonstrations took place against premier Lumumba.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1960        Aug 26, Knud Jensen (23), Danish cyclist, collapsed while riding in a 100-km team trial at the Olympics in Rome. He fractured his skull and died. An autopsy revealed amphetamines in his blood. His death would led the International Olympic Committee to begin a program of drug testing beginning with the 1968 Games held in Grenoble, France and Mexico City, Mexico.
    (WSJ, 8/7/06, p.B1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knud_Enemark_Jensen)

1960        Aug 30, East Germany imposed a partial blockade on West Berlin.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1960        Aug, The CIA recruited a former FBI agent to approach two of America's most-wanted mobsters and gave them poison pills meant for Fidel Castro during his first year in power. This was only made public in 2007 in declassified papers. The CIA recruited ex-FBI agent Robert Maheu, then a top aide to Howard Hughes in Las Vegas, to approach mobster Johnny Roselli and pass himself off as the representative of international corporations that wanted Castro killed because of their lost gambling operations. From August to May, 1961, CIA officials approved several plans to kill Fidel Castro.
    (SFC, 7/2/97, p.A5)(AP, 6/27/07)

1960        Sep 1, Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/1/02)

1960        Sep 3, Niger became independence from France.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A12)

1960        Sep 5, Cassius Clay captured Olympic light heavyweight gold medal.
    (MC, 9/5/01)
1960        Sep 5, Congo’s President Kasavubu fired Premier Lumumba.
1960        Sep 5, Senegal became independent from France. Leopold Sedar Senghor (d.2001 at 95), poet and politician, was elected president of Senegal, Africa.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(HN, 9/5/98)(SFC, 12/21/01, p.A34)

1960        Sep 8, NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., was dedicated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. This followed the activation of the facility in July of that year, when a key element of the U.S. Army’s Ballistic Missile Agency was transferred from the Department of Defense to NASA.  The Marshall Center is named in honor of General George C. Marshall, who was the Army Chief of Staff during World War II, U.S. Secretary of State, and a Nobel Prize winner for his post-World War II "Marshall Plan."
    (NASA PR, 8/22/00)
1960        Sep 8, Penguin Books in Britain was charged with obscenity for trying to publish the D.H. Lawrence novel Lady Chatterly’s Lover.
    (HN, 9/8/00)
1960        Sep 8, German DR limited access to East-Berlin for West Berliners.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1960        Sep 8, Jussi Bjorling, Swedish epic tenor (Manrico, Cavaradossi, Faust, Rodolfo, Riccardo, Romeo), died of heart failure at 49.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1960        Sep 9, Hurricane Donna hit the Florida Keys and moved up the coast to New England. It caused 50 US deaths and $387 million in damage.
    (WSJ, 5/31/06, p.A1)(http://tampa.about.com/cs/history/l/bl1960.htm)

1960        Sep 10, Abebe Bikila (1932-1973), barefoot runner from Ethiopia, won the Olympic marathon.
    (HN, 8/7/98)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7ZLB1-Ofyw)

1960        Sep 11, The 17th Summer Olympics closed in Rome. In 2008 David Maraniss authored “Rome 1960: The Olympics That Changed the World.”

1960        Sep 12, Democratic presidential candidate John F.  Kennedy addressed the issue of his Roman Catholic faith, telling a Protestant group in Houston, "I do not speak for my church on public matters, and the church does not speak for me."
    (AP, 9/12/00)

1960        Sep 13, VP Richard Nixon campaigned in San Francisco and 40,000 came to Union Square as he promised to keep the US military as the strongest in the world.
    (SSFC, 9/12/10, DB p.50)
1960        Sep 13, The US Federal Communications Commission banned payola. The scandal included Alan Freed a popular DJ at WABC, he lost his job for allegedly accepting gifts and money for playing certain records for money. There was substantial evidence was uncovered to prove that the payola practice was widespread.
    (MC, 9/13/01)
1960        Sep 13, Leo Weiner, Hungarian composer (Toldi), died at 75.
    (MC, 9/13/01)

1960        Sep 14, The "Twist" sung by Chubby Checker (born as Ernest Evans in 1941) hit #1. It reached #1 a 2nd time in Jan. 1962.
1960        Sep 14, A Congo coup led by Col. Mobutu overthrew PM Patrice Lumumba.
1960        Sep 14, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela formed OPEC. Fuad Rouhani (1907-2004) of Iran served as its 1st secretary-general. In 1964 he was succeeded by Abdul Rahman Bazzaz of Iraq.
    (HN, 9/14/98) (WSJ, 7/28/03, p.A8)

1960        Sep 17, Cuba nationalized US banks.

1960        Sep 18, Two thousand cheered Castro's arrival in New York for the United Nations session.
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1960        Sep 19, Cuban leader Fidel Castro, in New York to visit the United Nations, angrily checked out of the Shelburne Hotel in a dispute with the management. Castro accepted an invitation to stay at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem.
    (AP, 9/19/07)
1960        Sep 19, India and Pakistan signed the Indus Waters Treaty.
    (Econ, 5/22/10, SR p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Waters_Treaty)

1960        Sep 20, David Park (b.1911), a SF Bay Area figurative painter, died at 49. His work included: "Man in a T-Shirt" and  "Untitled" (1958), "Torso" (1959). He made the 1st serious break with Abstract Expressionism in his 1950  painting "Kids of Bikes."
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, DB p.21)(SFC, 8/23/97, p.A20)(SFEM, 9/21/97, p.31)(WSJ, 12/3/01, p.A17)

1960        Sep 21, Dr. Albert Starr performed the first successful heart valve replacement in a human. He and engineer Lowell Edwards had developed the artificial heart valve in the 1950s.
    (SSFC, 9/16/07, p.A2)(http://icvts.ctsnetjournals.org/cgi/content/full/6/4/570)

1960        Sep 22, Mali became an independent republic. Pres. Modibo Keita was elected the first president and introduced a one-party dictatorship.

1960        Sep 24, The USS Enterprise, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was launched at Newport News, Va.
    (AP, 9/24/97)(HN, 9/24/98)
1960        Sep 24, The International Development Association (IDA) was created as part the World Bank to provide long-term interest-free loans to the world's 81 poorest countries.

1960        Sep 25, Emily Post (b.1873), etiquette expert, died at 86. A 1941 profile of Emily Price Post called her "the American dictator of correct behavior," an apt description since her book on etiquette sold more than 650,000 copies in its first 20 years. Born into high society, Post wanted to write novels but she turned to etiquette when she discovered the poor quality of existing books on the subject. For her, however, "nothing is less important than the fork you use"--rather, etiquette was the art of making other people feel comfortable. Post delivered her message with wit and style in radio broadcasts and a daily column printed in 160 newspapers.  A 1941 profile of Emily Price Post called her "the American dictator of correct behavior," an apt description since her book on etiquette sold more than 650,000 copies in its first 20 years. In 2008 Laura Claridge authored “Emily Post: Daughter of the Gilded Age, Mistress of American Manners.”
    (HNPD, 8/17/00)(WSJ, 10/16/08, p.A13)

1960        Sep 26, Ted Williams hit his 521st HR off Jack Fisher for his last time at bat.
    (MC, 9/26/01)
1960        Sep 26, The first televised debate between presidential candidates Vice Pres. Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy took place in Chicago. Diplomat Henry Cabot Lodge was Nixon’s vice-presidential nominee.
    (SFEM, 4/28/96, p.12)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-6)(AP, 9/26/97)
1960        Sep 26, Fidel Castro made the longest speech in UN history, 4 hrs, 29 mins.
    (WSJ, 8/5/06, p.A9)

1960        Sep 27, Europe's 1st "moving pavement," (travelator), opened at Bank station.
    (MC, 9/27/01)
1960        Sep 27, Sylvia Pankhurst, feminist, died. She with her mother, Emmeline Pankhurst, had established the militant Women's Social and Political Union in 1903. These British suffragettes employed controversial, even violent methods to win the right to vote. In 1918, women over thirty were granted the vote, and in 1928, the voting age was lowered to 21, the voting age of men.
    (MC, 9/27/01)

1960        Sep 28, "Millionaire," last aired on CBS-TV.
    (MC, 9/28/01)
1960        Sep 28, "Sunrise at Campobello" premiered at Palace theater.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1960        Sep 30, Flintstones premiered. It was the 1st prime time animation show.
    (MC, 9/30/01)  
1960        Sep 30, The last "Howdy Doody Show" (b.1947) with Buffalo Bob Smith was broadcast. Clarabelle finally talked and said "Goodbye Kids."
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A18)(MC, 9/30/01)
1960        Sep 30, Mensa, the high IQ society founded in the UK in 1946, held its 1st meeting in the US at the Brooklyn home of Peter and Ines Sturgeon with 5 other pioneer members.
    (SSFC, 8/18/02, p.E10)
1960        Sep 30, Fifteen African nations were admitted to the United Nations.
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1960        Oct 1, California Coast Guardsmen boarded the Coho II at the entrance of SF Bay. The engine was running and the fishing boat was on automatic pilot, but skipper Ted Bean (45) was missing. Days earlier E.A. Davison, skipper of the albacore boat Steelhead, had radioed in panic from the Monterey fishing grounds saying “The Coho Second me just shot me.”
    (SSFC, 9/26/10, DB p.50)
1960        Oct 1, Nigeria gained independence from Britain (National Day).
    (WSJ, 11/13/95, p.A-10)(WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-1)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1172)

1960        Oct 3, "The Andy Griffith Show" premiered on CBS. It was directed by Aaron Ruben (1914-2010) ran to 1968. Don Knotts (d.2006 at 81) played the bumbling Deputy Barney.
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/3/00)(AP, 2/26/06)(SFC, 2/5/10, p.C7)  

1960        Oct 5, A Lockheed Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor and 62 people died. The plane had flown into a flock of starlings.
    (MC, 10/5/01)(SFC, 8/16/03, p.A21)

1960        Oct 7, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy and Republican opponent Richard M. Nixon held the second of their broadcast debates, in Washington, DC.
    (AP, 10/7/08)

1960        Oct 10, A cyclone hit the coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 4000 died. [see Oct 31]
    (MC, 10/10/01)
1960         Oct 10, The Russian Mars 1960A Probe failed to reach Earth orbit.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)

1960        Oct 11, In Cuba bank president Ernesto Guevara offered sugar magnate Julio Lobo leadership of Cuba's sugar industry in exchange for keeping one of his 14 mills and home. Mr. Lobo declined the offer.
    (WSJ, 3/11/99, p.A1)
1960        Oct 11, A hurricane ravaged East Pakistan  and some 6,000 died.
    (MC, 10/11/01)

1960        Oct 12, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev disrupted a UN General Assembly session by pounding his desk with a shoe when a speaker criticized his country.
    (AP, 10/12/07)

1960        Oct 13, The Pittsburgh Pirates won the World Series at Forbes Field with a 9th inning homerun by Bill Mazeroski. A Univ. of Pittsburgh academic building was later built on the site.
    (WSJ, 3/25/04, p.D1)
1960        Oct 13, Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy participated in the third televised debate of their presidential campaign, with Nixon in Hollywood and Kennedy in New York.
    (AP, 10/13/97)
1960        Oct 13, Opponents of Fidel Castro were executed in Cuba.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1960        Oct 14, The idea of a Peace Corps was first suggested by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy to an audience of students at the University of Michigan.
    (AP, 10/14/97)
1960        Oct 14, Cuba nationalized all sugar assets and made itself custodian of all art and artifacts.
    (WSJ, 3/11/99, p.A1)
1960        Oct 14, The Russian Mars 1960B Probe failed to reach Earth orbit.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)

1960        Oct 17, A grand jury found that the popular television game show Twenty-One had provided contestants with questions and answers before the live programs were broadcast.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1960        Oct 19, US President Eisenhower imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1960        Oct 19, Canada and the United States agreed to undertake a joint Columbia River project to provide hydroelectric power and flood control.
    (HN, 10/19/98)
1960        Oct 19, The United States and Mexico agreed to the co-construction of a dam on the Rio Grande.
    (HN, 10/19/98)
1960        Oct 19, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested in an Atlanta sit-in.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1960        Oct 20, The 1st fully mechanized post office opened in Providence, RI.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1960          Oct 21, The 1st British nuclear submarine, Dreadnought, was launched at Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, by her majesty the Queen. Dreadnought was the first British submarine to surface at the North Pole in 1971. In the 1970s she was fitted to fire Tigerfish torpedoes. She developed reactor problems in late 1980 and was decommissioned in 1982. She is laid up at Rosyth awaiting disposal.

1960        Oct 25, Martin Luther King, Jr., was sentenced to four months in prison for a sit-in.
    (HN, 10/25/98)
1960        Oct 25, The 1st electronic wrist watch placed on sale in NYC.
    (MC, 10/25/01)
1960        Oct 25, Cuba nationalized all remaining US businesses.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1960        Oct 21, Democrat John F. Kennedy and Republican Richard M. Nixon clashed in their fourth and final presidential debate.
    (AP, 10/21/97)

1960        Oct 27, Singer Ben E. King recorded "Spanish Harlem" and "Stand By Me."
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1960        Oct 28, In a note to the OAS (Organization of American States), the United States charged that Cuba had been receiving substantial quantities of arms and numbers of military technicians" from the Soviet bloc.
    (HN, 10/28/98)

1960        Oct 29, Chartered C46 carrying Cal State's football team crashed and 16 people were killed.
    (MC, 10/29/01)

1960        Oct 30, Guatemala's "La Hora" reported a plan for the invasion on Cuba.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1960        Oct 31, A cyclone hit the coast of Gulf of Bengal and about 10,000 died. [see Oct 10]
    (MC, 10/31/01)

1960        Nov 1, US Pres. Eisenhower announced that the US would take all steps necessary to defend its naval base at Cuba’s Guantanamo Bay.
    (AH, 4/07, p.18)

1960        Nov 2, Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy told an audience of 20,000 at the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca., that the US should establish a Peace Corps. The idea was first presented 3 weeks earlier at the Univ. of Michigan.
1960        Nov 2, A British jury determined that Lady Chatterly's Lover by D.H. Lawrence is not obscene. It had been published by Penguin Books.
    (HN, 11/2/00)(MC, 11/2/01)
1960        Nov 2, Dimitri Mitropoulos (64), Greek-US conductor and composer, died.
    (MC, 11/2/01)

1960        Nov 3, Tammy Grimes' "Unsinkable Molly Brown," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/3/01)

1960        Nov 4, The film "Misfits" premiered. It was the final movie for Clark Gable and Marilyn Monroe.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1960        Nov 5, Mack Sennett, director and producer (Keystone Cops), died.
    (MC, 11/5/01)

1960        Nov 8, Massachusetts Sen. John F. Kennedy was elected 35th president by 118,550 popular votes. He defeated Richard Nixon in the US pres. elections and was the first Roman Catholic to win the office. Popular legend later held that the political machine of Richard Daley in Chicago provided the necessary votes for Kennedy to win Illinois (27 electoral votes) and the elections. The Electoral College result was 303 to 219. The Democratic ticket of Kennedy and Johnson received 49.72% of the popular vote to 49.55% given to Republicans Richard Nixon and Henry Lodge—a difference of about 118,000 voters nationwide (the deciding electoral vote was 56.4% to 40.8% in favor of the Democrats).
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, p.B5)(AP, 11/8/97)(SFEC, 1/18/98, Par p.2)(HN, 11/6/98)(SFC, 11/22/99, p.A21)(HNQ, 11/6/00)

1960        Nov 10, Pres. Elect John F. Kennedy named Pierre Salinger (35), a former SF Chronicle reporter, to be his White House Press Secretary and Andrew T. Hatcher (37), a negro and former editor of the SF Sun-Reporter, as associate press secretary.
    (SSFC, 11/7/10, DB p.50)

1960        Nov 12, Discoverer XVII was launched into orbit from California’s Vandenberg AFB.  The Discoverer Program (1959-1962) was a ruse to conceal the Corona Program, a series of photoreconnaissance spy satellites. Corona was the first photoreconnaissance program, and a precursor of the military and civilian space imaging programs of today.
    (HN, 11/12/98)(http://spacecovers.com/pricelists/categories/category_satellites.htm)
1960        Nov 12, Coup against South Vietnam president Ngo Dinh Diem failed.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1960        Nov 13, Sammy Davis Jr. married Swedish actress May Britt.
    (MC, 11/13/01)
1960        Nov 13, Fire in movie theater killed 152 children in Amude, Spain.
    (MC, 11/13/01)

1960        Nov 14, President Dwight Eisenhower ordered U.S. naval units into the Caribbean after Guatemala and Nicaragua charged Castro with starting uprisings.
    (HN, 11/14/98)
1960        Nov 14, New Orleans integrated two all white schools. Ruby Bridges, a 6-year-old black girl, entered a previously all-white school flanked by 4 federal marshals before a phalanx of angry racists. A 1998 Disney movie "Ruby Bridges" portrayed the event, which was captured by Norman Rockwell in his painting: "The Problem We all Live With."
    (WSJ, 1/8/98, p.A7)(HN, 11/14/98)
1960        Nov 14, 2 passenger trains collided at high-speed killing 110 in Czech.
    (MC, 11/14/01)
1960        Nov 14, OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), formed.
    (MC, 11/14/01)

1960        Nov 15, The first submarine with nuclear missiles, the USS George Washington, took to sea from Charleston, South Carolina.
    (HN, 11/15/98)
1960        Nov 15, In San Francisco groundbreaking ceremonies were held for the $3.2 million, 800-car underground garage at Portsmouth Square.
    (SSFC, 11/14/10, DB p.50)

1960        Nov 16, After the integration of two all white schools, 2,000 rioted in the streets of New Orleans.
    (HN, 11/16/98)
1960        Nov 16, Clark Gable (59), actor (Gone With the Wind), died.
    (WUD, 1994 p.578)(SFC, 11/18/00, p.B7)(MC, 11/16/01)
1960        Nov 16, Nnamdi Azikiwe became the 1st governor-general of Nigeria. He was a member of the southern Ibo people.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1172)

1960        Nov 25, John F. Kennedy Jr. (d.1999), son of JFK, lawyer, magazine publisher (George), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1960        Nov 25, "Amos 'n' Andy" made its last broadcast on CBS radio.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1960        Nov 25, CBS ended last 4 radio soap operas (Ma Perkins, Right to Happiness, Young Dr Malone & 2nd Mrs. Burton) and canceled 4 other series.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1960        Nov 27, CBS radio cancelled "Have Gun Will Travel."
    (MC, 11/27/01)
1960        Nov 27, Patrice Lumumba fled Leopoldville, Congo.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1960        Nov 28, CBS radio expands hourly news coverage from 5 to 10 minutes.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, "Are You Lonesome Tonight" by Elvis Presley peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart and stayed there for six weeks; Elvis also released a version of that song where he breaks up into laughter.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, "Last Date" by Floyd Cramer peaked at #2 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, "New Orleans" by U.S. Bonds peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, "Ol' MacDonald" by Frank Sinatra peaked at #25 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, Richard N. Wright (52), US author (Native son), died in Paris France.
    (MC, 11/28/01)
1960        Nov 28, The Islamic Republic of Mauritania proclaimed independence with Moktar Ould Daddah as president.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)(EWH, 4th ed., p.1233)

1960        Nov 30, In San Francisco demolition began of the old Fontana spaghetti factory on North Point Street. It will be replaced by twin 17-story towers, the Fontana East and Fontana West, each with 130 apartments. The old warehouse, built between 1868 and 1870, was first used as a woolen mill and converted to a spaghetti factory around the turn of the century.
    (SSFC, 11/28/10, DB p.50)

1960        Dec 1, Patrice Lumumba was caught in the Congo.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1960        Dec 3, Daryl Hannah, film star, was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (SSFC, 3/14/04, Par p.18)
1960        Dec 3, The Frederick Loewe & Alan Jay Lerner musical "Camelot" opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 12/3/99)(MC, 12/3/01)

1960        Dec 4, The USSR vetoed Mauritania's application for UN membership.
    (EWH, 4th ed., p.1233)

1960         Dec 7, The first episode of "Coronation Street", the longest running TV soap opera in the world, was broadcast by Granada.

1960        Dec 9, The Laos government fled to Cambodia as the capital city of Vientiane was engulfed in war.
    (HN, 12/9/98)

1960        Dec 10, The San Francisco Chronicle reported that a third of a million fifths of an exotic moonshine, known as bok chow, were being distilled in Chinatown. A recent raid at 1555 Mason St. gave up 22 gallons.
    (SSFC, 12/5/10, DB p.50)

1960        Dec 14, A U.S. B-52 bomber set a 10,000 mile non-stop record without refueling.
    (HN, 12/14/98)

1960        Dec 16, A United Air Lines DC-8 and a TWA Super Constellation collided over Staten Island, New York City. 134 people were killed including 128 people on both planes.

1960        Dec 18, A rightist government was installed under Prince Boun Oum in Laos as U.S. resumed arms shipments.
    (HN, 12/18/98)

1960        Dec 19, A fire aboard USS Constellation, under construction at Brooklyn, killed 50.
    (MC, 12/19/01)

1960        Dec 20, Auschwitz-commandant Richard Baar was arrested in German FR.
    (MC, 12/20/01)
1960        Dec 20, National Liberation Front was formed by guerrillas fighting the Diem regime in South Vietnam.
    (HN, 12/20/98)

1960        Dec 26, Musical "Do Re Mi" with Phil Silvers premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/26/01)

1960        Dec 27, France exploded a 3rd atom bomb in the Sahara Desert, code-named Gerboise Rouge (“red gerboa”).


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